How to Choose the Right Kind Of Wood
If you have ever seen a picture of old barns or an old house, you may have noticed that the floors and walls of these buildings had a very distinct wood texture. This was the result of the wood being sanded down. Sanding wood can be one of the oldest methods of creating texture in wood. The wood fibers were broken into wood dust or dust. This created the texture. Wood grain can be described as the horizontal pattern of wood grains or their lateral arrangement on a wood surface.
Vertical grain: Wood grains arranged parallel to each another are known as “vertical”. These grains will look more “flat” than “dipped” or “ragged”. The flat look is the result of the floor being troweled slightly. This is why hardwood floors have a “woody” appearance. This is common with unfinished plywood flooring.
Ragged grain: A wood grain’s texture is known as “ragged”. This means the wood has been scratched by some sort of implement. Ragged grains do not appear random. They are more likely to be organized in small blocks.
Smooth texture: A wood surface has a smooth texture. The wood surface is free of any cracks, excess grain or rubbing. The wood is perfectly polished. A smooth texture can be found in almost all types of wood.
Basket grain: Timber grains do not run parallel. Rather they run perpendicular to each other. The largest patterns of grain are found near the floor joints. This kind of timber is often found in old barnwood. The grain runs parallel to the floor joists, but not parallel.
Walnut texture: Walnut flooring and furniture is the most popular. It is a dense hardwood which makes it ideal for flooring. It has a very even grain. Walnut has visible knots in knotty places, which adds to its even grain. This adds character to the wood.
Hickory texture – Like many hardwoods, the hickory grain is consistent. The texture of hickory is less open than oak and pine. Between the sun’s rays and the timber, large open areas can be found. It can be seen almost from all directions. Many people prefer the natural color of hickory over the more common colors of other woods.
Wood’s resistance to insects, moisture, termites, and aging are some of its other characteristics. Some species of wood can even be sanded down to a very low level without permanently damaging them. This leaves timber more vulnerable to termites. Chemical cleaners are recommended if the timber is not sanded to remove the grain pattern.
Walnut texture: This dark wood has a reddish tone. While it is resistant to moisture, it does not respond well to heat. The best option is to avoid purchasing wooden furniture with this texture.
Cherry texture: This wood is light with a reddish hue. It is considered to be a semi-tone wood and has medium hardness. It’s a great choice for crafting. Cherry does not respond well to acid or alkali, so it should be avoided when possible. It can be sanded, but it’s best to leave it natural smooth.
Bamboo texture: A light-weight wood with a reddish tone. Bamboo is a great choice for flooring and rugs that have exotic looks. It is moderately sturdy and does not need to be reapplied often.
Wood texture has a lot to do with how the wood is going to age and react to the natural environment. When selecting wood for crafting purposes, take into account the wood’s characteristics. Look out for the following characteristics: sharpness, tan, knot strength and natural colors. You can learn more about wood texture by taking a class or checking out some books at your local library.